Dr Carthigesu Gnanendran

School of Engineering and Information Technology

LOCATION

Building 20 Room 130
School of Engineering and Information Technology, The University of New South Wales, Australian Defence Force Academy, PO Box 7916, Canberra BC ACT 2610, AUSTRALIA

  • ABOUT
  • PUBLICATIONS

Dr Rajah Gnanendran is a Senior Lecturer with the ADFA School of Engineering and Information Technology. His research experience includes:

  • Reinforced soil systems (geosynthetics, fibre, etc.)
  • Embankments on soft soils 
  • Pavement material characterization (resilient modulus, fatigue, permanent deformation, etc.) 
  • Stabilisation of pavement materials 
  • Numerical modeling using the finite element method (FEM) and finite difference method (FDM) 
  • Soft soil engineering (visco-plastic modeling, stabilization with PVDs, vacuum preloading, etc.)

Teaching Experience

  • Soil Mechanics/Geotechnical Engineering
  • Pavement Analysis and Design (Pavement Engineering) 
  • Statics 
  • Geosynthetics 
  • Foundation Engineering 
  • Ground Improvement

Additional Experience
Dr Gnanendran has expertise in both theoretical and experimental research in goetechnical and pavement engineering areas. His research is aimed at finding innovative solutions to soft soil engineering problems such as the prediction of long term performance of embankments constructed on soft soils using fully coupled visco-plastic finite element modeling. Characterisation of unbound and stbilized pavement materials including recycled aggregates from waste products for pavement construction using different types of cyclic loading tests is another area of his active research. Also, he has expertise in the use of geosynthetics for stabilizing soft soils and pavement materials.

Engineer then Senior Engineer with multinational consulting and construction companies for over 8 years gaining extensive industrial experience in the design and construction of both structural and geotechnical engineering projects.

Assistant Professor for 3 years with University of New Brunswick, Canada teaching at both undergraduate and postgraduate level, including the supervision of B.Eng. and MEng. projects.

Lecturer for 3 years and currently as Senior Lecturer with UNSW since 2001 teaching at both undergraduate and postgraduate level, including the supervision of ME and PhD projects.

Service
Associate Editor – Canadian Geotechnical Journal
Editorial Board Member – Geotextiles and Geomembranes Journal
Member – Higher Degree Committee, UNSW@ADFA

Memberships
Fellow of Engineers Australia (FIAustE) - Chartered Professional Engineer
Former Member, Institution of Civil Engineers, UK – (MICE), Chartered Civil Engineer
Former Member, Association of Professional Engineers of Ontario, Canada - Professional Engineer (PEng)

Consulting Interests
Soft soil engineering (characteristics of soft soils, stabilization, determination of soil parameters for design, etc.)
Numerical modeling of soil-structure interaction problems using the FEM and FDM
Reinforced soil systems (geosynthetics, interface properties testing, instrumentation for performance monitoring, strain measurements, etc.)
Pavement Engineering (in-situ testing, pavement evaluation, stabilization, dynamic testing for resilient modulus, permanent deformation, etc.)
Foundation Engineering (finite element analysis, instrumentation, stabilization, etc.)

Books

Sivakugan N; Gnanendran CT; Tuladhar R; Kannan MB, 2016, Civil Engineering Materials, Cengage Learning

Book Chapters

Gnanendran CT; Valsangkar A; Kerry Rowe R, 2015, 'Canadian case histories of embankments on soft soils and stabilization with geosynthetics', in Ground Improvement Case Histories: Compaction, Grouting and Geosynthetics, pp. 507 - 535, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-100698-6.00017-9

Islam MN; Gnanendran CT; Sivakumar ST, 2015, 'Prediction of Embankments' Time-Dependent Behavior on Soft Soils: Effects of Preloading, Surcharging, and Choice of Lab Versus Field Test Data for Soft Soil Parameters', in Ground Improvement Case Histories: Embankments with Special Reference to Consolidation and Other Physical Methods, pp. 359 - 379, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-100192-9.00013-2

Gnanendran CT; Valsangkar AJ; Rowe K, 2005, 'Case Histories of Ground Embankements on Soft Soils and Stabilisation with Geosynthetics: Canadian Experience', in Indraratna B; Chu J (ed.), Geo-Engineering Book Series Volume 3, Ground Improvement Case Histories, edn. 1st, Elsevier, UK, pp. 787 - 812

Manivannan G; Gnanendran CT; Lo SR, 2001, 'Effects of end platen roughness on the creep behaviour of clays', in Desai C; Kundu T; Harpalani S; Contractor D; Kemeny J (ed.), Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics, edn. Original, Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 957 - 961

Gnanendran CT; Lo SR; Rattana-Ananta P, 2001, 'Effects of Stress path and strength changes on the stability of slopes', in Desai C; Kundu T; Harpalani S; Contractor D; Kemeny J (ed.), Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics, edn. Original, Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 1567 - 1572

Mak J; Lo SCR; Gnanendran CT, 2001, 'An analytical study on progressive interface failure in pullout testing of geosynthetics', in PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIFTEENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOIL MECHANICS AND GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING VOLS 1-3, A A BALKEMA PUBLISHERS, ISTANBUL, TURKEY, pp. 1617 - 1620

Journal articles

Alam MJI; Gnanendran CT; Lo SR, 2017, 'Modelling the settlement behaviour of a strip footing on sloping sandy fill under cyclic loading conditions', Computers and Geotechnics, vol. 86, pp. 181 - 192, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compgeo.2017.01.010

Paul DK; Gnanendran CT, 2016, 'Characterization of lightly stabilized granular base materials using monotonic and cyclic load flexural testing', Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 28, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001302

Jegatheesan P; Gnanendran CT, 2016, 'Permanent deformation study of pavement layers using laboratory pavement model testing', International Journal of Geomechanics, vol. 16, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)GM.1943-5622.0000606

Paul DK; Gnanendran CT, 2016, 'Determination of stiffness modulus and poisson's ratio of lightly stabilized granular materials from indirect diametral tensile testing', Geotechnical Testing Journal, vol. 39, pp. 582 - 595, http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/GTJ20150087

Gnanendran CT; Paul DK, 2016, 'Fatigue characterization of lightly cementitiously stabilized granular base materials using flexural testing', Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 28, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001598

Paul DK; Theivakularatnam M; Gnanendran CT, 2015, 'Damage Study of a Lightly Stabilised Granular Material Using Flexural Testing', Indian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 45, pp. 441 - 448, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40098-015-0158-2

Karim MR; Gnanendran CT, 2014, 'Review of constitutive models for describing the time dependent behaviour of soft clays', Geomechanics and Geoengineering, vol. 9, pp. 36 - 51, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17486025.2013.804212

Piratheepan J; Gnanendran CT; Arulrajah A, 2013, 'Erratum for "Determination of c and Φ from IDT and unconfined compression testing and numerical analysis" by J. Piratheepan, C. T. Gnanendran, and A. Arulrajah', Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 25, pp. 428, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000695

Islam MA; Gnanendran CT, 2013, 'Behaviour of two closely spaced strip footings placed on a stiff clay bed under cyclic loading', Geotechnical Testing Journal, vol. 36, http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/GTJ20120126

Islam MA; Gnanendran CT, 2013, 'Slope stability under cyclic foundation loading - Effect of loading frequency', Geotechnical Special Publication, pp. 750 - 761

Jeyakanthan V; Gnanendran CT, 2013, 'Elastoplastic numerical approach for predicting the electro-osmotic consolidation behaviour of soft clays', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 50, pp. 1219 - 1235, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2013-0075

Karim MR; Lo SCR; Gnanendran CT, 2013, 'Behaviour of piles subjected to passive loading due to embankment construction', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 51, pp. 303 - 310, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cg-2012-0468

Piratheepan J; Gnanendran CT; Arulrajah A, 2013, 'Determination of c and phi from IDT and Unconfined Compression Testing and Numerical Analysis (vol 24, pg 1153, 2012)', JOURNAL OF MATERIALS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING, vol. 25, pp. 428 - 428

Islam MA; Gnanendran CT, 2012, 'Development of a low-cost geotechnical model testing facility', International Journal of Physical Modelling in Geotechnics, vol. 12, pp. 63 - 76, http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/ijpmg.11.00012

Baki MAL; Rahman MM; Lo SR; Gnanendran CT, 2012, 'Linkage between static and cyclic liquefaction of loose sand with a range of fines contents', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 49, pp. 891 - 906, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/T2012-045

Piratheepan J; Gnanendran CT; Arulrajah A, 2012, 'Determination of c and Φ from IDT and unconfined compression testing and numerical analysis', Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 24, pp. 1 - 49, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000493

Paul DK; Gnanendran CT, 2012, 'Prediction of nonlinear stress-strain relationshipof lightly stabilized granular materials from unconfined compression testing', Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 24, pp. 1118 - 1124, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000478

Jayasree PK; Rajagopal K; Gnanendran CT, 2012, 'Influence of sidewall friction on the results of small-scale laboratory model tests: Numerical assessment', International Journal of Geomechanics, vol. 12, pp. 119 - 126, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)GM.1943-5622.0000120

Manivannan G; Karim MR; Gnanendran CT; Lo SCR, 2011, 'Calculated and observed long term performance of Leneghans embankment', Geomechanics and Geoengineering, vol. 6, pp. 195 - 207, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17486025.2011.578667

Karim MR; Manivannan G; Gnanendran CT; Lo SCR, 2011, 'Predicting the long-term performance of a geogrid-reinforced embankment on soft soil using two-dimensional finite element analysis', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 48, pp. 741 - 753, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/t10-104

Jeyakanthan V; Gnanendran CT; Lo SCR, 2011, 'Laboratory assessment of electro-osmotic stabilization of soft clay', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 48, pp. 1788 - 1802, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/T11-073

Gnanendran CT; Piratheepan J; Ramanujam J; Arulrajah A, 2011, 'Accelerated laboratory pavement model test on cemented base and clay subgrade', Geotechnical Testing Journal, vol. 34, http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/GTJ103311

Karim MR; Gnanendran CT; Lo SCR; Mak J, 2010, 'Predicting the long-term performance of a wide embankment on soft soil using an elastic-viscoplastic model', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 47, pp. 244 - 257, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/T09-087

Gnanendran CT; Piratheepan J, 2010, 'Determination of fatigue life of a granular base material lightly stabilized with slag lime from indirect diametral tensile testing', Journal of Transportation Engineering, vol. 136, pp. 736 - 745, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000138

Piratheepan J; Gnanendran CT; Lo SCR, 2010, 'Characterization of cementitiously stabilized granular materials for pavement design using unconfined compression and idt testings with internal displacement measurements', Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 22, pp. 495 - 505, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000051

Rahman MM; Lo SR; Gnanendran CT, 2009, 'Reply to the discussion by wanatowski and chu on "on equivalent granular void ratio and steady state behaviour of loose sand with fines"', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 46, pp. 483 - 486, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/T09-025

Bobei DC; Lo SR; Wanatowski D; Gnanendran CT; Rahman MM, 2009, 'Modified state parameter for characterizing static liquefaction of sand with fines', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 46, pp. 281 - 295, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/T08-122

Gnanendran CT; Piratheepan J, 2009, 'Indirect diametrical tensile testing with internal displacement measurement and stiffness determination', Geotechnical Testing Journal, vol. 32, pp. 45 - 54

Lo SR; Mak J; Gnanendran CT; Zhang R; Manivannan G, 2008, 'Long-term performance of a wide embankment on soft clay improved with prefabricated vertical drains', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 45, pp. 1073 - 1091, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/T08-037

Rahman MM; Lo SR; Gnanendran CT, 2008, 'On equivalent granular void ratio and steady state behaviour of loose sand with fines', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 45, pp. 1439 - 1456, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/T08-064

Gnanendran CT; Piratheepan J, 2008, 'Characterisation of a lightly stabilised granular material by indirect diametrical tensile testing', International Journal of Pavement Engineering, vol. 9, pp. 445 - 456, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10298430802342732

Gnanendran CT, 2006, 'Behaviour of a square footing under vertical and horizontal cyclic load: Model study', Physical Modelling in Geotechnics, 6th ICPMG'06 - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics, vol. 1-2, pp. 783 - 788

Gnanendran CT; Manivannan G; Lo SCR, 2006, 'Influence of using a creep, rate, or an elastoplastic model for predicting the behaviour of embankments on soft soils', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 43, pp. 134 - 154, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/t05-090

Gnanendran CT; Valsangkar AJ; Kerry Rowe R, 2005, 'Chapter 27 Case histories of embankments on soft soils and stabilisation with geosynthetics: Canadian experience', Elsevier Geo-Engineering Book Series, vol. 3, pp. 787 - 812, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1571-9960(05)80030-8

White GW; Gnanendran CT, 2005, 'The influence of compaction method and density on the strength and modulus of cementitiously stabilised pavement materials', International Journal of Pavement Engineering, vol. 6, pp. 97 - 110, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10298430500089593

White G; Gnanendran CT, 2002, 'The characterisation of cementitious insitu stabilised pavement materials: The past, the present and the future', Road and Transport Research: A Journal of Australian and New Zealand Research and Practice, vol. 11, pp. 2 - 15

Rowe K; Gnanendran CT; Valsangkar AJ; Landva AO, 2001, 'Performance of a test embankment constructed on an organic clayey silt deposit', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, pp. 1 - 14

Rowe RK; Gnanendran CT; Valsangkar AJ; Landva AO, 2001, 'Performance of a test embankment constructed on an organic clayey silt deposit', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 38, pp. 1283 - 1296, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cgj-38-6-1283

Gnanendran CT; Selvadurai APS, 2001, 'Strain measurement and interpretation of stabilising force in geogrid reinforced', Geotextiles and Geomembranes, vol. 19, pp. 177 - 194, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0266-1144(01)00004-8

Gnanendran CT; Rowe RK; Valsky A, 2000, 'Discussion: back analyses of geosynthetic-reinforced embankments on soft soils', Geotextiles and Geomembranes, vol. 18, pp. 63 - 65

Gnanendran CT; Rowe RK; Valsangkar AJ, 2000, 'Discussion: Back analyses of geosynthetic-reinforced embankments on soft soils (E.M. Palmeira, J.H.F. Pereira and R.L. da Silva, 16 (5) (1998), pp. 273-292)', GEOTEXTILES AND GEOMEMBRANES, vol. 18, pp. 63 - 65

Gnanendran CT; Beaulieu C, 1999, 'On the behaviour of low-volume unpaved resource access roads: effects of rehabilitation', Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, pp. 1 - 8

Gnanendran CT; Beaulieu C, 1999, 'On the behaviour of low-volume unpaved resource access roads: Effects of rehabilitation', Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 26, pp. 262 - 269

Rowe RK; Gnanendran CT; Landva AO; Valsangkar AJ, 1996, 'Calculated and observed behaviour of a reinforced embankment over soft compressible soil', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 33, pp. 324 - 338

Rowe RK; Gnanendran CT; Landva AO; Valsangkar AJ, 1996, 'Construction and performance of a full-scale geotextile reinforced test embankment, Sackville, New Brunswick (vol 32, pg 512, 1995)', CANADIAN GEOTECHNICAL JOURNAL, vol. 33, pp. 208 - 208, http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/t96-900

Rowe RK; Gnanendran CT; Landva AO; Valsangkar AJ, 1995, 'Construction and performance of a full-scale geotextile reinforced test embankment, Sackville, New Brunswick', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 32, pp. 512 - 534

Rowe RK; Gnanendran CT, 1994, 'Geotextile strain in a full scale reinforced test embankment', Geotextiles and Geomembranes, vol. 13, pp. 781 - 806, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0266-1144(94)00015-6

Selvadurai APS; Gnanendran CT, 1989, 'An experimental study of a footing located on a sloped fill: influence of a soil reinforcement layer', Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 26, pp. 467 - 473

Conference Papers

Alam MJI; Gnanendran CT; Lo SR, 2016, 'Behavior of a model shallow foundation on reinforced sandy sloped fill under cyclic loading', in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterisation, ISC 2016, pp. 1423 - 1428, presented at

Gnanendran CT; Paul DK, 2016, 'Fatigue Behaviour of Lightly Stabilised Granular Materials from Flexural and Indirect Diametral Tensile Testing', in Geotechnical Special Publication, ASCE, Sheraton Hotel and Towers, Chicago, Illinois USA, pp. 756 - 766, presented at Geo-Chicago Conference - Sustainability, Energy, and the Environment (Geo-Chicago) 2016, Sheraton Hotel and Towers, Chicago, Illinois USA, 14 - 18 August 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784480144.075

Alam MJ; Gnanendran; Lo SR, 2016, 'Numerical modelling of a strip footing on geogrid reinforced sandy sloped fill under cyclic loading', in 69th Annual Canadian Geotechnical Conference (GeoVancouver 2016), 69th Annual Canadian Geotechnical Conference (GeoVancouver 2016), Vancouver, Canada., presented at 69th Annual Canadian Geotechnical Conference (GeoVancouver 2016), Vancouver, Canada., 02 - 05 October 2016

Paul DK; Gnanendran CT; Alam, (eds.), 2016, 'A new indirect tensile testing setup to determine stiffness properties of lightly stabilised granular materials', in Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterisation 5, Australian Geomechanics Society, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, pp. 689 - 694, presented at GEOTECHNICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL SITE CHARACTERISATION 5 - ISC'5, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, 05 - 09 September 2016

Theivakularatnam M; Gnanendran CT, 2015, 'Durability of lightly stabilised granular material subjected to freeze-thaw and wet-dry cycles', in Geotechnical Special Publication, pp. 1410 - 1419, presented at , http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784479087.127

Alam MJI; Gnanendran CT; Lo SR, (eds.), 2015, 'Elasto-plastic Behavior of Sandy Soil under Cyclic Loading Conditions', in FROM FUNDAMENTALS TO APPLICATIONS IN GEOTECHNICS, IOS PRESS, Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA, pp. 2125 - 2132, presented at 15th Pan-American Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (PCSMGE) / 8th South American Congress on Rock Mechanics (SCRM), Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA, 15 - 18 November 2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-603-3-2125

Theivakularatnam M; Gnanendran CT, (eds.), 2015, 'Evaluating the Durability of Lightly Stabilized Granular Base Materials Subjected to Wet-Dry Cycles Using Different Element Testings', in FROM FUNDAMENTALS TO APPLICATIONS IN GEOTECHNICS, IOS PRESS, Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA, pp. 1560 - 1567, presented at 15th Pan-American Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (PCSMGE) / 8th South American Congress on Rock Mechanics (SCRM), Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA, 15 - 18 November 2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-603-3-1560

Theivakularatnam M; Gnanendran CT, (eds.), 2015, 'Tube Suction Test to Evaluate Moisture Susceptibility of Lightly Stabilised Granular Materials', in FROM FUNDAMENTALS TO APPLICATIONS IN GEOTECHNICS, IOS PRESS, Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA, pp. 446 - 453, presented at 15th Pan-American Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (PCSMGE) / 8th South American Congress on Rock Mechanics (SCRM), Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA, 15 - 18 November 2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-603-3-446

Iftekhar Alam MJ; Lo SR; Gnanendran CT, 2014, 'Numerical modeling of strain-softening response in triaxial testing of silty sand using FLAC2D', in Geotechnical Special Publication, pp. 606 - 614, presented at , http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784413388.063

Islam MA; Gnanendran CT, 2014, 'Behavior of a foundation on a sloped fill reinforced with vertical bars under repeated loading', in Geotechnical Special Publication, pp. 1091 - 1100, presented at , http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784413272.106

Theivakularatnam M; Gnanendran CT, 2014, 'Effects of freeze-thaw on a lightly stabilized material's flexural properties', in Geotechnical Special Publication, pp. 3465 - 3475, presented at , http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784413272.336

Islam MN; Gnanendran CT; Sivakumar ST, 2014, 'Long-term time-dependent behavior of surcharged preloaded embankment', in Geotechnical Special Publication, pp. 2970 - 2977, presented at , http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784413272.288

Paul DK; Gnanendran CT, 2013, 'Effects of curing time on the tensile characteristics of lightly stabilized granular base materials', in Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterization 4 - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Site Characterization 4, ISC-4, pp. 783 - 788, presented at

Islam MN; Gnanendran, C.T.; Sivakumar,S.T.; Karim,M. R., (eds.), 2013, 'Long-term performance of preloaded road embankment', in Proceedings of the 18th International Conference for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, ICSMGE 2013 - 18th International Conference for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Paris, France, presented at ICSMGE 2013 - 18th International Conference for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Paris, France, 02 - 06 September 2013, http://www.geotech-fr.org/sites/default/files/congres/cimsg/1291.pdf

Islam M; Gnanendran CT, 2012, 'Behaviour of two closely spaced strip footings placed on stiff clay', in Proceedings of ANZ 2012, ANZ 2012, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1275 - 1280, presented at ANZ 2012, Melbourne, Australia, 15 - 18 July 2012, http://anz2012.com.au/

Paul DK; Gnanendran CT, 2012, 'Repeated load flexural testing to characterize lightly stabilized granular materials', in Four-Point Bending - Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Four-Point Bending, pp. 287 - 294, presented at

Karim MR; Gnanendran CT; Lo SCR, 2012, 'Effect of geosynthetic reinforcement creep on the long term performance of an embankment', in Geotechnical Special Publication, pp. 1330 - 1339, presented at , http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784412121.137

Paul D; Gnanendran CT, 2011, 'Effect of loading rate on the properties of lightly stabilized granular materials by using flexural beam testing', in 14th Pan-American – CGS Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Pan-Am CGS 2011 Organizing Committee, Toronto, Canada, presented at 14th Pan-American – CGS Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Toronto, Canada, 02 - 06 October 2011

Ariful Islam M; Gnanendran CT, 2011, 'Footing interference on layered soil', in Computer Methods for Geomechanics: Frontiers and New Applications, pp. 201 - 206, presented at

Paul DK; Gnanendran CT, 2011, 'Analysis of nonlinear stress-strain behavior of lightly stabilized granular materials from UCS testing with internal deformation measurement', in Computer Methods for Geomechanics: Frontiers and New Applications, pp. 508 - 512, presented at

Paul D; Gnanendran CT, 2010, 'Characterization of Granular Base Materials Stabilised Lightly with Slag-lime by IDT Testing', in Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics (6 ICEG 2010), Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited, New Dehli, India, pp. 1423 - 1426, presented at 6th International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics, New Dehli, India, 08 - 12 November 2010, http://www.6iceg.org/

Paul D; Gnanendran CT, 2010, 'An analytical study to characterize lightly stabilized granular materials from IDT testing', in Proceedings of 11th International Association for Engineering Geology and the Environment (IAEG) Congress, CRC Press - Taylor and Francis Group, Auckland, New Zealand, pp. 2337 - 2344, presented at 11th IAEG Congress, Auckland, New Zealand, 05 - 10 September 2010, http://www.iaeg2010.com/

Paul D; Gnanendran CT, 2010, 'Determination of Stiffness Properties of Lightly Stabilised Granular Materials from IDT Testing using numerical analysis', in Proc of The 17th Southeast Asian Geotechnical Conference, Taiwan Geotechnial Society, Taipei, taiwan, pp. 75 - 78, presented at The 17th Southeast Asian Geotechnical Conference, Taipei, taiwan, 10 - 13 May 2010, http://www.17seagc.tw/ThemeSessions.htm

Gnanendran CT; Jegatheesan P, 2010, 'Determining the characteristics of recycled aggregate from pavement model testing', in Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics (6 ICEG 2010), Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited, New Dehli, India, presented at 6th International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics, New Dehli, India, 08 - 12 November 2010, http://www.6iceg.org/

Islam M; Gnanendran CT, 2010, 'Predicting the behavior of geogrid while used as reinforcement in a slope fill under footing load', in Proceedings of Geo-2010 – 63rd Canadian Geotechnical Conference & 11th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, BiTech Publishers, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, presented at Geo-2010 – 63rd Canadian Geotechnical Conference & 11th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 12 - 16 September 2010, http://www.geo2010.ca/

Karim MR; Gnanendran CT, 2010, 'A new elastic visco-plastic model for time dependent behaviour of normally consolidated and lightly over-consolidated clays', in Proceedings of 11th International Association for Engineering Geology and the Environment (IAEG) Congress, CRC Press - Taylor and Francis Group, Auckland, New Zealand, presented at 11th IAEG Congress, Auckland, New Zealand, 05 - 10 September 2010, http://www.iaeg2010.com/

Gnanendran CT; Piratheepan J; Ramanujam J, 2010, 'Cyclic load testing facility for pavement model testing', in Physical Modelling in Geotechnics - Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics 2010, ICPMG 2010, pp. 697 - 702, presented at

Karim MR; Gnanendran CT, 2008, 'A new elastic visco-plastic model for time dependent behaviour of normally consolidated and lightly over-consolidated clays', in Proceedings of the GeoEdmonton 2008-61st Canadian Geotechnical Conference and the 9th Joint CGS-SNC Groundwater Conference, 61st Canadian Geotechnical Conference 9th Joint CGS/IAN-CNC Groundwater Conference, Edmonton, Canada, presented at 61st Canadian Geotechnical Conference 9th Joint CGS/IAN-CNC Groundwater Conference, Edmonton, Canada, 21 - 24 September 2008

Jegatheesan P; Gnanendran CT, 2008, 'Dynamic modulus and fatigue testing of lightly cementitiously stabilized granular pavement materials', in Airfield and Highway Pavements: Efficient Pavements Supporting Transportation's Future - Proceedings of the 2008 Airfield and Highway Pavements Conference, pp. 410 - 422, presented at , http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/41005(329)35

Karim MR; Gnanendran CT, 2008, 'Review of visco-plastic soil models for predicting the performance of embankments on soft soils', in 12th International Conference on Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics 2008, pp. 945 - 956, presented at

Thanapalasingam J; Gnanendran CT, 2008, 'Predicting the performance of foundations near reinforced sloped fills', in 12th International Conference on Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics 2008, pp. 3727 - 3734, presented at

Craciun O; Lo SR; Gnanendran CT, 2007, 'Deformation and matric suction response of unbound granular base materials subject to repetitive loading', in South East Asian geotechnical conference 2007, South East Asian geotechnical conference 2007, Malaysia, presented at South East Asian geotechnical conference 2007, Malaysia, 08 - 11 May 2007

Gnanendran CT; Thanapalasingam J, (ed.), 2006, 'Bearing capacity of foundations near slopes stabilised with multi layers of geosynthetic reinforcement', in Indian Geotechnical Conference - IGC 2006, Indian Geotechnical Conference - IGC 2006, Chennai, India, pp. 601 - 604, presented at Indian Geotechnical Conference - IGC 2006, Chennai, India, 14 - 16 December 2006

Gnanendran CT, 2006, 'Behaviour of a square footing under vertical and horizontal cyclic load: Model study', in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics - Physical Modelling in Geotechnics - 6th ICPMG '06, pp. 783 - 788, presented at

Gnanendran CT; White GW, 2005, 'CCharacterisation of Cementitiously Stabilised Pavement Materials - The Australian Experience', in 7th International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields, 7th International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields, Trondheim, Norway, pp. 2 - 11, presented at 7th International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields, Trondheim, Norway, 27 - 29 June 2005

Gnanendran CT, 2005, 'Effects of combined cyclic vertical and horizontal loading on unsealed airstrips: Model study', in Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnology in Harmony with the Global Environment, pp. 1703 - 1706, presented at

Gnanendran CT; Lo SR; Manivannan G, 2004, 'Non-Linear Finite Element Modelling of Triaxial extension effect on Marine Clay', in 9th Australia New Zealand Conference on Geomechanics, 9th Australia New Zealand Conference on Geomechanics, Auckland, New Zealand, presented at 9th Australia New Zealand Conference on Geomechanics, Auckland, New Zealand, 08 - 11 February 2004

White G; Gnanendran CT, 2003, 'Variability in unconfined compression strength of pavement materials stabilised with cementitious binders', in Proceedings - Conference of the Australian Road Research Board, pp. 1821 - 1838, presented at

Gnanendran CT; Woodburn LJ, 2003, 'Recycled aggregate for pavement construction and the influence of stabilisation', in Proceedings - Conference of the Australian Road Research Board, pp. 1755 - 1768, presented at

Manivannan G; Gnanendran CT; Lo SCR, (eds.), 2003, 'Elasto-viscoplastic analysis of embankments on soft soils', in Proceedings of the Twelfth Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Vol 1 and 2, WORLD SCIENTIFIC PUBL CO PTE LTD, Singapore, SINGAPORE, pp. 913 - 916, presented at 12th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (12ARC), Singapore, SINGAPORE, 04 - 08 August 2003

Gnanendran CT, (eds.), 2003, 'On the resilient modulus and permanent deformation characteristics of stabilized recycled aggregates', in DEFORMATION CHARACTERISTICS OF GEOMATERIALS, A A BALKEMA PUBLISHERS, LYON, FRANCE, pp. 393 - 399, presented at 3rd International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials, LYON, FRANCE, 01 September 2003

Gnanendran CT; Woodburn L; Lo SR, (ed.), 2002, 'Use of crushed building demolition waste and old pavement materials for road construction', in 6th International Symposium Environmental Geotechnology and Global sustainable development, 6th International Symposium Environmental Geotechnology and Global sustainable development, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea, pp. 721 - 729, presented at 6th International Symposium Environmental Geotechnology and Global sustainable development, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea, 02 - 05 July 2002

Gnanendran CT; Toal S; Lo SR, 2002, 'Use of fibre reinforced crushed building demolition waste in road construction', in 7th Interntional Conference of Geosynthetics 7 ICG-NICE, 7th Interntional Conference of Geosynthetics 7 ICG-NICE, France, presented at 7th Interntional Conference of Geosynthetics 7 ICG-NICE, France, 22 - 27 September 2002

Lo SCR; Gnanendran CT; Li KS, (eds.), 2001, 'The application of numerical analysis to geotechnical engineering', in GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING MEETING SOCIETY'S NEEDS, VOLS 1 AND 2, PROCEEDINGS, A A BALKEMA PUBLISHERS, HONG KONG, PEOPLES R CHINA, pp. 383 - 388, presented at 14th Southeast Asian Geotechnical Conference, HONG KONG, PEOPLES R CHINA, 10 - 14 December 2001

Gnanendran CT, (eds.), 2001, 'Prediction of the behaviour of a geogrid reinforced sloped fill under footing load', in LANDMARKS IN EARTH REINFORCEMENT, VOL 1, A A BALKEMA PUBLISHERS, FUKUOKA, JAPAN, pp. 559 - 564, presented at 4th International Symposium on Landmarks in Earth Reinforcement, FUKUOKA, JAPAN, 14 - 16 November 2001

Gnanendran CT; Gopalan MK; Lo SR, (ed.), 2000, 'Prediction of pullout behaviour of geosynthetic reinforcement in sandy soils', in GeoEng2000 An International Conference on Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, GeoEng2000 An International Conference on Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, Melbourne, pp. 6 pages - CD, presented at GeoEng2000 An International Conference on Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, Melbourne, 19 - 24 November 2000

Wardani SP; Lo SR; Gnanendran CT, (ed.), 2000, 'Behaviour of a lightly cemented silt subject to cyclic loading', in GeoEng2000 An International Conference on Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, GeoEng2000 An International Conference on Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, Melbourne, pp. 6 pages - CD, presented at GeoEng2000 An International Conference on Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, Melbourne, 19 - 24 November 2000

Gnanendran CT; Rowe RK, 1995, 'Predicted undrained behavior of the Sackville test embankment', in GEOSYNTHETICS '95, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, VOLS 1-3, INDUSTRIAL FABRICS ASSOC INT, NASHVILLE, TN, pp. 53 - 66, presented at Geosynthetics 95 Conference, NASHVILLE, TN, 21 - 23 February 1995

GNANENDRAN CT; ROWE RK, (eds.), 1994, 'ANALYSIS OF A REINFORCED EMBANKMENT ON SOFT COMPRESSIBLE ORGANIC CLAYEY SILT', in COMPUTER METHODS AND ADVANCES IN GEOMECHANICS, VOL 2, A A BALKEMA, MORGANTOWN, WV, pp. 1343 - 1348, presented at 8th International Conference on Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics, MORGANTOWN, WV, 22 - 28 May 1994